Family Law Research Guide: Grandparent's Rights
How can I bring a suit in court to establish my visitation rights as a grandparent?
Grandparents can bring suit to establish visitation rights when the parents' marriage has been dissolved for at least three months, a parent of the child is deceased or missing for at least three months, or a child is born out of wedlock. The procedures for grandparents to bring suit for visitation are outlined in A.R.S. § 25-409.
How will the court decide whether grandparents should have court-ordered visitation?
The court determines whether granting visitation rights is in the best interested of the child. The court considers all relevant factors including: (1) the historical relationship between the child and the person seeking visitation, (2) the motivation of the person seeking visitation, (3) the motivation of the person denying visitation, (4) the quantity of visitation time requested and the potential adverse impact that visitation will have on the child's customary activities, and (5) if one of both of the child's parents are dead, the benefit in maintaining an extended family relationship. A.R.S. § 25-409(C).
Do I have any visitation rights if my grandchild is adopted?
Visitation rights automatically terminate upon placement for adoption unless the adoption is by a step-parent. A.R.S. § 25-409(F).
Do I have to go to a judge to protect my visitation rights as a grandparent?
Grandparents can request mediation in the Family Center of the Conciliation Court of Pima County Superior Court. Use of the Family Center of the Conciliation Court is free to the public.
Can I seek custody of my grandchild(ren)?
Yes, a child custody proceeding may also be commenced in the superior court by a person other than a legal parent by filing a verified petition, or by a petition supported by an affidavit, in the county in which the child permanently resides. The petition shall include detailed facts supporting the petitioner's right to file the petition. The court outlines its requirements for such a petition in A.R.S. § 25-415.
Law library resources
- Grandparent Visitation Rights: A Legal Research Guide, M. Kristine Taylor Warren (W.S. Hein 2000). Location: Law Reference K85 .L456 v.40.
- Grandparents' Rights: With Forms, Traci Truly (3d ed., Sphinx Pub. 2001). Location: Law Reference KF 547.Z9 .T78 2001.
- Arizona Legal Forms: Domestic Relations (West 1998 & 2007 - 2008 Supplement). Location: Law Reference KFA 2468 .A75 1997 v. 4.
Last revised: 22 October 2008